|title||Easy guide to use overseas biological resources: ABS procedures of Malaysia and Brazil|
|writer||Administration Services Division|
Easy guide to use overseas biological resources: ABS procedures of Malaysia and Brazil
NIBR announced its new guidelines on access and benefit-sharing (ABS) procedures of Malaysia and Brazil are now available on its website (www.abs.co.kr). The new books provide a step by step guidance on how to use the two countries’ genetic resources.
Malaysia and Brazil have both abundant biodiversity and implement strict legislations to protect their national biological resources.
Malaysia enacted the “Access to Biological Resources and Benefit Sharing Act 2017” on 18 December 2020. Under the law, potential users (e.g., biotech industry and research institutions) are required to get an access permit from the Malaysian component authority before access to the country’s genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge.
Accordingly, foreign nationals who intend to access Malaysian genetic resources can apply online to get access permits via the ABS application system (https://www.myabs.gov.my). For commercial use of such resources, a benefit-sharing agreement should be negotiated between the provider and user of the resources.
Brazil has become a Party to the Nagoya Protocol via accession since June 2021 and enhanced the management of its genetic resources long before the accession.
The Brazilian government requires a mandatory declaration document of access or shipment of genetic heritage or associated traditional knowledge activities. Shipment refers to a transfer of a sample of genetic heritage, intended for access, to an institution located abroad. However, it is not able for the recipient institution to directly register their shipment. Therefore, the foreign institution needs to have a joint research partnership with a local intuition in Brazil.
Jong-won Choi, Director General of the Biological Resources Utilization Department said, “We hope the new guidelines can support Korean biotech companies and institutions that use genetic resources from the biodiversity-rich countries: Malaysia and Brazil, by providing ABS information of the countries. “We will continue to provide an easy guide to use overseas biological resources for a domestic biotech industry so that it can smoothly use the resources under the Nagoya Protocol with legal certainty.”